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mary breckinridge articles
4th Dec

2020

mary breckinridge articles

Authors; Librarians; Editors Review: June 12, 2020. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. Mary Breckinridge’s genteel background was worlds away from impoverished Appalachia. 1983 Winter;57(4):485-507. Mary Breckinridge, born in 1881 to an influential Kentucky family, enjoyed a privileged childhood and education in the U.S. and Europe. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! She received the Medaille Reconnaissance Francaise for her work organizing a visiting nurse association. Gina Castlenovo, November 2003. ) This thesis examines the oral contraceptive trial that the FNS Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Born in Memphis in 1881, she was the granddaughter of Kentucky’s own John C. Breckinridge—vice president to James Buchanan, 1860 presidential contender, Confederate general … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Mary Breckenridge took careful note, while she was working in France during World War I, of the British nurse-midwives with whom she worked. In 1912 she married Richard Ryan Thompson, president of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Scholarship on Mary Breckinridge has centered on her healthcare reform work in Appalachia and its effects on the local residents and culture. NOW 50% OFF! Mary Breckinridge, the Frontier Nursing Service and the introduction of nurse-midwifery in the United States. Mary Breckinridge, Self: The Forgotten Frontier. (Eds.). Dissertation Abstracts. The public is invited to an open house on August 20. Mary Breckinridge Pageants, Hyden, Kentucky. Browse; Resources. Retrieved from https://www.frontiernursing.org. Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mary-Breckinridge, The Global Medical Mission Hall of Fame Foundation - Biography of Mary Breckinridge, Mary Breckinridge - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). (She resumed use of her maiden name after her divorce became final in 1920.) (1988). References Frontier Nursing Service (2014) History of Mary Breckinridge. Through her work, she helped to reduce the mortality rates of mothers and infants. Leaving her husband six months before the end of World War I, she worked as a public health nurse in Boston and Washington, D.C., while awaiting a posting with the American Red Cross in France. Breckenridge, renowned for her drive and vision, was a woman engaged in a single-focused mission to improve healthcare in one of the most rural, neglected patches on an American map. In 1912 she married Richard Ryan Thompson, president of a Eureka Springs, Arkansas, women’s school where she taught French and hygiene. Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. She had two children neither of whom survived childhood. Eventually Mary Breckenridge fell from her horse, rendering her unable to make house calls, but she stayed active as the leader of the Frontier Nursing Service until the end of her life in 1965. Born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee; died on May 16, 1965, in Hyden, Kentucky; first daughter and second of four children of Clifton Rodes (a cotton planter and commission merchant, U.S. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In 1891, Mary's father, Clifton Breckinridge, a former Confederate midshipman, was appointed American Minister to St. Petersburg. She was born February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee, one of four children of Katherine Carson and Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge. Bull Hist Med. Bjoring History Center presentation by Madonna Grehan on Nov. 17, Quarterly Advancement in Nursing Education - Special Issue on Nursing Education from Sioban Nelson, Compilation of 100 Books By and About Army and Navy WWII Nurses, Back to Childbirth Basics - Melissa Sherrod was interviewed, and Mary Gibson quoted, in this article, Submit Your Article to a Special Edition of Women's Writing on Illness and Disease, © Copyright 2018 AAHN. Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. Born at Cabell’s Dale, the family estate near Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821, John Cabell Breckinridge was named for his father and grandfather. Breckinridge, descendant of a distinguished family that included a U.S. vice president and a Congressman and diplomat, lost her first husband and two children to… Educated at private schools in Lausanne, Switzerland, and Stamford, Connecticut, she returned to her family’s Arkansas home in 1899. All registration fields are required. In addition to directing the service, which led to the foundation in 1929 of the American Association of Nurse-Midwives, she also edited its journal and traveled around the country as a fund-raiser. Read Full Article. In: V.L. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service By Carol Crowe-Carraco° Shortly before her death in 1965, Mary Breckinridge re marked to an interviewer, "If you take the unborn child as the focal point you will soon be led to a broad program of public health." MENU. Her family was a politically prominent one. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Wife of General John C. Breckinridge Mary Cyrene Burch was born in 1826, the daughter of Clifton Rhodes Burch and Alethia Viley Burch. After her 1904 marriage ended in 1906 with her husband’s death, she entered St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing in New York City, and she graduated in 1910, receiving an R.N. She modeled her services on European practices and sought to professionalize American nurse-midwives to practice autonomously in homes and decentralized clinics. This work set the stage for the rest of her life's work: nursing among the poor, especially children, in Kentucky. In 1906, Breckinridge was widowed at age 26. If you can improve it further, please do so. America History and Life. Goan, M. (2008). Bullough, Church, O.M.,& Stein, A.P. Mary Breckinridge. Updates? Mary Breckinridge was the driving force behind rural health-care in America as well as the development of nurse midwives. Mary Carson Breckinridge has been listed as one of the Natural sciences good articles under the good article criteria. Papers of John Breckinridge document his service as Kentucky attorney general and legislator; his years as U.S. attorney general and senator; the Alien and Sedition Acts; and the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799. FNS served remote and impoverished areas off the road and rail system but accessible by horseback. Mary Carson Breckinridge was the granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge. In this succinct manner, Mrs. Breckinridge summarized over five In 1982 Mary Breckinridge was inducted into the American Nurses Association’s Hall as a tribute for her contributions to the nursing profession in women’s health, community and family nursing, as well as the rural health care delivery. In 1925 she moved to Leslie county, Kentucky, where she founded the Frontier Nursing Service, which she subsidized with her inheritance from her mother. She divorced Thompson in 1920. American nursing: A biographical dictionary. This article presents a creative learning activity for midwifery and/or nursing education that integrates Mary Breckinridge's historical example with today's national goals for building communities. Mary Breckinridge was born into a privileged family in Memphis, Tennessee in 1881, but she lived and died in modest circumstances in rural Kentucky. In 1925 she founded the Frontier Nursing Service in Kentucky. Find Mary Breckenridge's email address, contact information, LinkedIn, Twitter, other social media and more. The illness of a friend's child influenced her decision to become a nurse and she attended St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing in New York, graduating in 1910. Breckinridge, Mary (1881–1965)American nurse and midwife who founded the Frontier Nursing Service. 3.3K likes. The author admirably shows how this historical case study of Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service enlarges our understanding of Appalachia, social reform, and scientific medicine in the twentieth century. Mary Breckinridge was the nation’s foremost pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the provision of care to the nation’s rural areas as founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. Retrieved from. Her family was a politically prominent one. All registration fields are required. Midwifery clinical practice and education has changed significantly since Mary Breckinridge first introduced nurse-midwives to the United States in 1925. Her father, Clifton Rodes Breckinridge (1846-1932), was a cotton planter and US representative from Arkansas. 1905) American pioneering radio reporter during World War II. Edna Johnson, Ph.D. Edna Johnson. Omissions? https://www.frontiernursing.org. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. She died on May 17, 1965. Ambassador to Russia. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilm, 1861-present. The introduction of nurse-midwives into the region brought its maternal and neonatal death rates well below the national average, and at a reasonable cost. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. For the first two years of her marriage she taught French and hygiene at the school. In 1906, Breckinridge was widowed at age 26. In 1925 Mary Breckinridge organized the Kentucky Committee for Mothers and Babies, renamed the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS). Mary Breckinridge ARH Hospital is pleased to announce the expansion of its Physical Rehabilitation Department and relocation to the second floor of the hospital. Breckinridge was born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee. This page is dedicated to pageants held in Leslie County. Breckinridge, descendant of a distinguished family that included a U.S. vice president and a Congressman and diplomat, lost her first husband and two children to… Her father served in Congress as a Representative from Arkansas, a minister to Russia and a commissioner of Indian affairs. Although Breckinridge's … Mary Carson Breckinridge, the second of four children, was born in 1881 to a wealthy southern family in Memphis, Tennessee. Mary Breckinridge, born in 1881 to an influential Kentucky family, enjoyed a privileged childhood and education in the U.S. and Europe. Mary Breckinridge was the nation’s foremost pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the provision of care to the nation’s rural areas as founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. She was married to Henry Ruffner Morrison at the age of 23 but he died only two years later. Similar Articles To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation. Considered to be the founder of nurse-midwifery in this country, Mary Breckinridge, a nurse with the Frontier Nursing Service, devoted her life to assisting women in poverty-stricken areas of Kentucky. Santa Barbara, CA: Clio Press. Lists dissertations and masters theses from a variety of academic abstracts. Search Google Scholar for this author. Breckinridge’s autobiography, Wide Neighborhoods: A Story of the Frontier Nursing Service, was published in 1952. Corrections? [Mary Breckinridge … Mary Carson Breckinridge (1881 – 1965) was an American nurse midwife and the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service(FNS), which provided comprehensive family medical care to the mountain people of rural Kentucky. Arriving in France after the armistice to work with the American Committee for Devastated France, she initiated a program to provide food and medical assistance for children, nursing mothers, and pregnant women. It is also where Mary Breckinridge introduced the first nurse-midwives into the United States, valiantly committed to reducing the high infant and maternal mortality that plagued the mountaineers(1). Mary Breckinridge created a legacy whose ripple effects will continue to affect eastern Kentucky, the United States and the world for a long time to come. New York: Garland. Mary Breckinridge was born on February 17, 1881 in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Her family was very influential in the government; her grandfather was the Vice-President of the United States under President Buchanan, and her father was a congressman and the U.S. From her work in France and visits to England she became convinced that the health of rural American children would benefit from the presence of trained midwives. Her childhood included travel, private tutors and finishing school. Mary Breckinridge had the right Idea about wanting to help the less fortune. (1881–1965). All rights reserved.P.O. Mary Breckinridge Pageants, Hyden, Kentucky. Articles of Incorporation of … Her early eduction was by tutors but she also attended private schools. Breckinridge, Mary (1881–1965)American nurse and midwife who founded the Frontier Nursing Service. Learn more about Breckinridge’s life and career. Goan, M. (2008). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Goan does a fine job placing Breckinridge, her life, her ideas, and her achievements in their historical and cultural contexts. First Published October 1, 2001 Other Find in PubMed. See all articles by this author. Her father, Clifton Breckinridge, served in Congress and as the U.S. ambassador to the court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. She was married to Richard Ryan Thompson and Ruffner Morrison. Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families. She was born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tenn. Mary Breckinridge ARH Expands Rehabilitation Department 8/19/2015. As we continue to celebrate the Year of the Nurse here at American Sentinel University, this month, we’re talking about the importance of quality healthcare in rural communities – and how nursing pioneer, Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965), made an impact during her lifetime.

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